» Venice «
They were refugees who settled on the marshy lagoon islands in the 5th and 6th centuries. The difficult conditions found there required a community based on cooperation and creative solutions for life in the sea. Thus, an oligarchy with an elected head developed. Venice had its greatest importance at the beginning of the 15th century. With the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by the Ottoman Sultan, a powerful competitor in the Mediterranean grew stronger. The discovery of America in 1492 and of the sea route to India a little later cut Venice off from world trade. Political and economic decline are thus sealed. What remains is a dream of art, culture and lavish splendour.
Venice is a unique island city. Spread on 118 islands, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987. But due to the unlimited mass tourism, the world heritage status is endangered. Especially the big cruise ships cause many problems with driving into the lagoon. They damage the structure of the islands, leave their exhausts and flood the city with tourists who don't spend much money in the city.
1. SAN MARCO: between Piazza San Marco, Ponte di Rialto and Ponte dell' Accademia
Piazza San Marco at night
2. CASTELLO: between San Zaccharia, Sant'Elena in the east and the Campo di S.S.Giovanni e Paolo
landing place San Zaccharia
View from the Calle Colone through the passage Sotoportego de le Colone at the Riva dei Sette Martiri.
Via Garibaldi. In Christmas time there are some small stands with Christmas cribs in front of the Chiesa di San Francesco di Paola.
View from the Ponte di San Antonin in front of the Chiesa di San Antonin at the channel Rio de la Pleta.
4. SANTA CROCE: from San Stae to Piazzale Roma
Ponte degli Scalzi, bridge across the Canal Grande close to the railway station Santa Lucia